Tranzistor Ruh60


On the cover: Carefully installed antennas and cables let Andrew Moore NV1B enjoy mobile CW and 2 meter FM without the distractions of safety hazards or messy looking wires. The choice of multiple narrowbanded 40 meter resonators and a trunk-mounted coax switch provide good bandwidth while eliminating high wind loads and antenna tuners. In classic OM form. NV1B sneaked out of the house on the morning of his wedding day to capture a little of New Hampshire's famous fail foliage atop Stratham Hitl Park, site of the Port City Amateur Radio Club s 1997 Field Day operations. Our best wishes to Andrew and his new XYLI____

Feedback: Any circuit works better with feedback, so please take the time to report on how much you like, hate, or don't care one way or the other about the articles and columns in this issue, G = great!, O = okay, and U = ugh. The G's and O's will be continued. Enough LTs and it s Silent Keysville. Hey, this is your communications medium, so don't just sit there scratching your..,er,,,head, FYI: Feedback "number" is usually the page number on which the article or column starts.

73 Amateur Radio Today (ISSN 1G52-2522J i$ published monthly by 73 Magazine, 70 N202. Peterborough NH 03458-1107. The entire contents 1593 by 73 Magazine. No part of this publication may be reproduced without wntten permission of the publisher which is not all that occult to get. Tne subscription rate is: one year $24.97. two years S44.97: Canada: one year $34.21 two years S57.75. including postage and 7% GST Foreign postage: Si9 surface,, S42 airmail additional per year payable in US funds on a US oank. Second class postage is paio at Peterborough. NH. and at additional mailing offices. Canadian second class mail registration #178101, Canadian GST registration «125393314. Microfilm edition: University Microfilm. Ann Arbor Ml -9106. POSTMASTER: Sena address changes to Z3 Amateur Radio Today. "0 N2Q2 Peterborough NH 03^58-1107, 73 Amateur Radio Today is owned by Shabromai Way Ltd, of Hancock NH._

Contract: By betng so nosey as to read this fine pr:ni. you have jus: enterec into a bind ng agreement .vuh Amateur Radio Today. You are hereby obligated to do something mce for a ham friend—buy him a subscription to 73. What? Alt of your ham friends are afready subscribers? Donate a subscription to your local school library!

Wayne Green W2NSD/1

Virus Attack!

1 see where the Magic Kingdom- has been threatened with Si. Louis cncepha-litis. Eleven Florida counties are on the alert, plus Long Island, Massachusetts, North Dakota and Georgia. Ifs those pesky skeeters, and if one gets you there's a 20% chance that you "I I bite the dust. But if you don't die, yoif II gel awfully sick,

Why am I rattling your cage about something over which you have so little control? Because that sneaky little Bioelectrifier (May issue) might just he the key to whupping the skeeter-spread virus. If you've built one of these gadgets and are in any of the infected areas, you could do worse than try to find a doctor who is at least willing to try it. Since they have no drug or surgical measures handy to tackle the virus, maybe you can recruit an MD to at least test it on his next encephalitis victim.

The BE seems tailor-made for this emergency. But then, I'm iiettinE all sorts of weird reports of its use—like one chap who had an abscessed tooth. He used the BE with one electrode to the tdothal area and in a couple of days the tooth was no longer infected, Headaches, backaches, colds, flu, and so on are being reported aborted. If this keeps up the whole medical industry will be outraged, calling for drastic FDA measures to stop this threat to their revenues.

In the meantime the Disney folk arc closing pools and water parks in I he evenings

and the public health depart-mem is putting flocks of chickens around the swampy areas. They test them once a week for the virus.

What, you haven't made a Bioelectrifier yet? Forsooth! Is there no end to your procrastination?


Most of us want what's best for our kids. We want lo do everything we can to make sure they are healthy and happy. Well, for some families that's true, as long as it isn't too much trouble.

One of the reasons 1-ve weathered well and already outlived half of my compatriots has to do with my diet as a youngster. My mother cooked breakfast eveiy miming. Cooked lunch. Cooked dinner. The kitchen was the family center. She cooked eggs dozens of different ways. There was an array of different hot cereals on the pantry shelves. White toast? No way Jelly and jam? None. Cold cereal? I didn't get to eat that until I went away to choir camp when I was 12. Yeah, I sang in the church choir every Friday night and Sunday morning and evenings, with choir practice on Wednesday afternoons.

I never even tasted Coke^ until I was in my third year of high school. Or any other soft drinks.

Dad would gel furious if he came down for breakfast and mother didn't have something different The same breakfast twice in a month would have him storming around about having the same goddamn thing every morning.

So, while the friends Fve outlasted were eating com flakes. Force™, and puffed wheat, [ was eating unsugared Wheatena™, Cream of Wheat™, and red flannel hash with a poached egg. Or scrapple, fried corn mush, home fries, corn fritters, buckwheat cakes, and so on.

. came home from school for lunch and it was always a hot lunch, with my mother reading to me as I ate. That may have something to do with my huge library and my reading two or three books a week. How about a slice of toast with a slice of cheese on it? Add to that a thin slice of onion and a couple strips of bacon, grill until the cheese melts and sprinkle with paprika. That s heavenly!

Cookies and milk in the afternoon? We didn't have any cookies in the house and I didn't get hungry until dinner time anyway.

One result of all this was that I had perfect teeth until Fd been in the Navy for three years during WWII. That's when i had my first filling.

So what are you feeding your kids for breakfast? Sugar-coated fruit loops? Boo-Berries ? Bread and jam? Is the TV on instead of reading to 'em? Some heritage! If you want healthy kids, give them a good start with the food their bodies need. Fruits, vegetables. meat, There's a lot of evidence rhat if you are going to include milk, you'd belter get it from a health food store. Organic, The supermarket product often is laced with the hormones and antibiotics they feed cows to improve their milk production.

Read to your kids when they eat breakfast and lunch.

Howh many poems have your kids learned? 1 still remember many of the poems ! learned when I was six and seven years old.

The UPS Strike

First, the strike had little to do with wages or working conditions and everything to do with a big union fighting a big business for power. The rest was just the usual smoke and mirrors.

In this time of record low unemployment what reason is there for someone to work for UPS who is unsatisfied with the pay or working conditions?

When unions were started during the depression of the 1930s they were needed. The country had high unemployment and that made it so many employers were able to take advantage of the situation and pay very low wages while maintaining terrible working conditions. But even then, people with marketable skills and education had little trouble in getting work, so the unions tended to gather the unskilled together to force em-plovers to pay higher wages.

Naturally this quickly got oul of hand and we saw many unions forcing wages far beyond their market value and keeping the wages high by preventing more people, no matter how skilled, from joining.

When I started 73 in 1960 my first printer, O'Brien Press, had a union shop, so I got to know the union workers firsthand as they worked on each issue of my magazine. The printer's union was very protective. They'd only let the sons of members join. No outsiders need apply- And the printing companies could not hire anyone but union workers. The result was astronomical wages for truly stupid and only semi-skilled workers—workers who had no incentive to either learn more or perform well since they essentially couldn't be fired. The situation was much like what I found when I went to Russia and tried to deal with clerks in the government stores.

1 remember one day when the son of the owner of the printing company was showing a visitor around and he ran a piece of paper through a small proof press. The entire union membership walked out*

Before that, Vd found the same situation in lhe television business. The stagehands' union was both closed to newcomers (unless famiiy members), and protective of marginally skilled highly paid workers. On lhe TV set* if the director dared to move a lamp on a table on a set, the stagehands would go 011 strike because he touched a prop.

ft was well known on Broadway that on Friday if the stagehands weren't paid before the start of the last act of a play, the play would not be allowed to go on. And paid in cash, None of this chcck business.

Maybe you remember Lhe featherbedding of the rail unions.

No one has been holding a gun to the UPS workers' heads, keeping lhem from quitting. If they could get better pay and/or working conditions elsewhere, they'd be out of there..

Companies, as far as i know, have no responsibility to pay people more than they're worth just because the worker feels it is "owed" to him. If he's really worth more, then he should find an employer he can convince of that. And keep the employer convinced,

As someone who has had over a thousand employees over the years I can testify Lhat very few of them, despite my best efforts at recruitment and subsequent encouragement, ever made any serious effort to be really outstanding at their work. Most did the least they could get away with. Unless watched they would come in late, leave early, and take amazingly long lunches, The bottom iine for mc was that I had to hire ten people to do the work of maybe five.

The few employees who took advantage of the learning experience I offered them have done very well. The others I

run into now and then, still working at some stupid job and still doing as little as possible.

It is pathetically easy to be better at what you do than 90% of those around you. Make that 99%, and it's still low,

I went to work at WPIX-TV in Newr York as an engineer. It wasn't Ions before I was chief cameraman. But then no one else on the engineering staff made any effort to learn and build their skills. I left there to become a director at KP1X in San Francisco, At WXEL in Cleveland I directed ail of their network originations.

You are the one in charge of your fate, not your boss, if you need the brute force of a union to get more pay, you're la/.y and unmotivated.

New Licenses

The FCC's figures for August 1997 show a drop of 94% in just the last two years in new General and Extra Class licenses, The new Advanced Class licenses dropped by 91%. Fortunately, the number of Techs upgrading to General only dropped by 42% in the same period. Which means, I suppose, that the ARRL Directors' sneaky plan to eliminate QRM on our HF bands is working. And just in time, too, what with the sunspots expected to get things back into action on what is projected to be one of the most active sunspot cycles in history.

Well, QRM has been the bane of HF operation ever since hamming started, so I, for one, will be delighted to not have to worry about it any more. But we hams will always be complaining, only now it111 be about those damned three-station pileups on rare DX.

When the last active ham in Wyoming dies wiil we be seeing Japanese DXpeditions going to Wyoming for the tens of thousands of young Japanese state hunters?

As an old 20 m fan, I'm beginning to appreciate the ARRUs single-minded insistence on maintaining the CW

Great Wall 10 keep what few newcomers we're attracting io the hobby up there on 2 m and keep the HF bands for us old timers. But then amateur radio has always been primarily for old men, right? OMsT Oh, we old men dream about young ladies (YLs), but wheiVs the last time you heard one on 20 m? I worked an OL on 20 m back in 1965. I'd been on die frequency for a couple of hours making con Lac ts when she broke in and told me to get the hell off there, that it was the YLRL's frequency. Sigh. Hi, Evelyn, remember that one? I was operating from PJ3CC.

Speaking {well, writing) of newcomers, how're wc doing on new no-codc Techs? Pretty good—they've only dropped off 61% in the last two years.

Art You Ready?

A while back I suggested that it would be prudent for hams living around our major cities to get serious about setting up emergency communications systems. Now comes news that the Soviets are missing around a hundred of their suitcase-sized nuclear bombs. Of course they're only kiloton devices, not like the 10-kiloton bombs we dumped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, so they would probably only biow a medium-sized hole in a big city, plus wipe out a few million people with the radiation. And probably also wipe out any solid state electronic equipment for a few miles around with its EMP pulse.

There is no shortage of groups pissed off at us who might want to smuggle such a suitcase into downtown Manhattan and put an end to Wall Street, or maybe try to do us a big favor by wiping out as much of Washington as they could. It might take two suitcases to take care of the Pentagon and the Congressional buildings, but that could still leave the CIA HQ in Langlcy intact, Sav, where's the IRS HQ? Oh well, that's a self-serving thought and not worthy of me.

You're going to need a mo bile command station with a portable repeater and as many still working His as you can find. And the more yoifre able to intercommunicate with other services the better. And don't forget some Geiger counters.

In the case of New York, fortunately very few hams live in downtown Manhattan, so most hams, living in the other four boroughs and on Long Island, could survive the blast. But it's going to be a communications nightmare,

The cell phone and telephone systems will probably be out of commission for months, depending somewhat on how high up the bomb is exploded.

Is there a danger to Cleveland, Chicago, San Francisco, Atlanta and other major cities? With a hundred missing bombs and guys like Saddam Hussein and Qadafi with both the money to buy them and the means to set: them off anywhere they want, who knows? North Korea is mad at us too, and something like this might keep us busy enough to let them invade South Korea again,

But even groups who haven't managed to buy a bomb could demand ransom to not set off a bomb that they just might have. That's a vety attractive business proposition.

I'm willing to bet that, despite the danger, I won't see one single hint of any effort by ham clubs in or near our major cities making any effort to improve their emergency communications capabilities. Til be watching the club newsletters, hoping that I'm wrong.

ET Mischief

A local paper ran a stoiy about a cylinder-shaped SJFO that hovered over Hinsdale NH one night. A little later a nearby farmer went out to the bam to feed his cows and found all 25 lying dead. An autopsy found they'd all been electrocuted* yet their hooves were intact, showing that they hadn't been struck by lightning, which splits the hooves. The barn showed no sign of any damage.

Continued on page 7 Radio Today * January 1998 5

Ten-Tec, Inc. Rebuts

In October, we published "Where's the Manual?" by David Thompson K4JRB.. We have just received this bulletin from Scott E. Rob bins W4PA. Ten-Tec. Inc/s Amateur Radio Product Manager:

"Mr, Thompson stales " Newer manufacturers only offer manuals for about three to fi\e >ear* after [he product is obsolete ../ For Ten-Tec. this is not the case. We sell manuals for every piece of amateur radio equipment we have built, going hack to when we first started manufacturing ham gear in 1968, We also service all gear ever manufactured by us. a claim no other transceiver manufacturer can make. We will continue to offer both manuals and service for all of our equipment, as we have done every day l or the last 30 years."

That kind of reliability is increasingly rare these days Ed.

Les Oliver, Sacramento C A,

Yes, I'm finally getting around to ordering some of your recommended books. Your editorials in 73 are always interesting, but, good grief, sir—you seem to try to encourage people to actually think. What an appalling concept! If too many people start to think and reason for themselves it could cause chaos. Just In to imagine what it would do to our political and educational s\s-tems alone (insert large, slightly sinister grim. On the subject of education, college us certainly interesting* but not particularly applicable to any portion of the real world which I've yet encountered. I worked in my original field for just over si\ months before deciding that I would wind up a lot crazier than I wanted to be. Since then I've built musical instrument amplifiers, done consulting, quality

From the Ham Shack control, some time with Uncle "keeping the world safe from democracy." managed u steel fabrication mill, and am cur-renily working in wholesale/re-tail sales of surplus electronics. As an aside, an Army psychologist once told me that the two career fields that I should never enter were sales and cooking. It's nice that I don't trust "experts/' even iffen i are won. Enough aimless meandering. Keep up the good work.

Dr, Melvin Carlson, DDS N7RNG. I know you are interested in education, so permit me to contribute to your edification and challenge some of your statements in the October 73. 1 can't say I was surprised by your shrill denunciation of fluorides, I have nothing against informed opinion, but [ must remind you that misinformation not only refutes your point, but makes any other statements you make suspect. I "11 be interested in laying my eyes on the study showing 480,000 children suffered doubling of tooth decay while consuming the optimum amount of fluoride in their drink ing water. I d also like to see the documentation of the statement that an additional 60.000 people died of cancer as a result of optimum fluorides.

i am not aware of published evidence that 1 ppm causes severe allergic reactions and destruction of the immune cells. Obviously there are allergies that occur to any element in our environment, but to accuse anyone of hiding facts on fluoridation bvm the public borders on hysteria.

After practicing pediatric dentistry for almost 50 years I have personally witnessed the decline in tooth decay in .;ids to a remarkably low level. T:iis reduction has occurred gradually since the introduction of fluorides in this country.

After reading your editorials 1 am amused, entertained and occasionally enlightened. If I knew as much about radio as I do about the benefits thai I kio-rides provide, I would be as smart as you!

Thanks, Doc. but have you really done your homew ork, or have you bought the ADA parry line, hook and sinker,} For instance. a 1985-86 study of 39.207 American children aged 5 to 17 ft v the National Institute of Dental Research concluded that the children drinking fluoridated water have almost identical rates of tooth decay to those not drinking fluoridated water.

Dr Whitaker's Health and Healing, September I997 issuet devotes over two pages to destroying the fluoridation myth. It also references a larger S ew Zealand study which reached a simitar conclusion* and a ¡987 Canadian study showed lower decay rates in provinces without fluoridated water.

The report cites 11,000 calls per year to poison venters because children have ingested fluoridated toothpaste.

Japan and most of Europe have studied the situation and opted against fluoridation of iheir wafer supplies.

For a more complete report on the subject please read Fluo-rkle. The Aging Factor, which is reviewed in mv Guide to Hooks

You're Crazy If You Don't Read,

77te author, with whom I've corresponded. provides 40 pages of references to published papers. Tvc done my homework on this; now it's your turn to get busy. You can get more information from Citizens for Safe Drinking Water. 3243 Madrid Sr., San Diego CA 92110; (800) 7283833. Also, when I wrote about it in my editorial f offered to make photocopies of three pages of references on the subject. A couple dozen readers requested them, Say, have you read the Procter & Gamble study of chromosome damage caused by fluoride ? At 1 2 ppm they found 6ci of the cells in the study had chromosome damage. Ay that what you want for your kids ? ft seems that fluorides also disturb DNA repair and synthesis, ,,, Wayne.

Louis M, Barrio KE6DKI.

1 really enjo> your column. "Never Say Die." it's provocative, contro\ersial, and sometimes even humorous. Keep up the good work!

A recurring theme in your monthly column is how our jf hobby is fading away. I must credit to Henry RutA ara__■w licle in the September 1 issue. His proposal for modifying the ham licensing structure is the flrsi truly uelt thought out idea I've seen yet. While I think the requirement^ for license upgrading are a bit too stringent, overall he's right on target. Mr. Ruhs proposal would make hobbyists become active in the hobby and show real intent to upgrade. Upgrading would be an achievement- and learning-based process. This is. in my view, abetter approach than the current svsiem which encourages rote memorization and the learning of an archaic skill (Morse code) with virtually no use outside hum radio. What's more, it would give new hams an opportunity to gel a real taste of what hamming i* all about. Under Mr. Rub's proposal there would be real incentive and opportunity 10 experience modes and bands beyond 2 m and 440 MHz. it would probably also encourage learning about antennas. electronics, propagation, and maybe even doing some kit building.

I think Mr. Ruh's proposal is far better than the alternative, that being arguing over preservation of the code requirement or lowering the required code speed, among other things. Meanwhile, our precious band allocations are being sold off or allocaied to other uses and the ARRL (Archaic Radio Restoration League! sits and doe** little more than whine about the entire situation. When is the ham community going to awaken from its

Neueb sry die

Continued from page 5

A later check with a Geiger counter showed high radiation where the cows hud lain, and a (so where they were buried. And the following year the corn planted where the cows had been buried formed a perfect circle and turned brown and died when ii was about six inches high.

More ETs

Put yourself in the position of an FT visiting Earth, "Hie fact that you're able to visit the planet, which is thousands to millions of light years distant, guarantees that your technology is at least thousands of years ahead of ours on Earth, Suppose you could travel back 50,000 to 100.000 years and look at the civilization Earth had at that time. Would you land and look for a welcome from the people you find? At that time they hadn't even developed farming, much less towns or cities. And then, not too different from today, the> were busy killing anyone who might be an enemy.

Well, it probably isn t much different for a civilization that's many millennia in advance of ours. So 1 suspect that many advanced races come here every now and then, take ii look at how we're doing, maybe give us a little nudge, and that's that.

With some 50 billion solar systems in our galaxy, and with many probably having planets, since the same forces that form, suns seem to also allow planets to form, and since most of 'em are a lot older than our solar system, the odds are that we're not hundreds or thousands, hut perhaps millions of years he-hind millions of ET races. And that's just in our galaxy.

Considering all that, the surprising thing would he if we were not being visited h\

current stupor and realize the time to act is now? We can save our hobby, I think the first step is to get behind constructive proposals like Mr. RulTs and get the FCC and the ARRL to act on them. So OK, Mr Rulfs proposal isn't i erlect. but with some modification. and more importantly its adoption, hams would be taking a giant leap forward in saving our grand old hobby!

Ozzie Levin W5RK, I met you in Chicago way back in the 1930s ai a ham convention. 1 have followed your career and subscribed to your 73 magazine and read alE your editorials and enjoy them immensely, 1 have been a ham for over 60 years, but heliev e me I am in complete agreement with you on eliminating the code. We should do everything within our power to o\ enurn this detrimental portion of the ham exams. I hav e taught ham radio classes for over 40 years, both at the local high school and my home. 1 am proud to say that 1 have turned out a large number of hams who have gone into the electronics industry as teachers, engineers, etc. Like you i have an inquiring mind- Having worked with pyramids, the Hieronymous machine, and built my own version using transistors, 1 also found the battery could be dis^ connected and it would still work, and by the way after experimenting with pyramids, try ing to find out what made them work, 1 discovered that they are affected by sun spot activity-During this low cycle experiments do not always work. I built most of the mind machines you mentioned in your last issue and they all work. So, to the scientific community and the rest of the doubting ihomascs, you'll never know and that's too bad. There ¿ire manv thin^ in this world of ours that we cannot perceive w ith our five senses. Wayne, just wanted to sa) thanks lor all >our editorials and insight into things not necessarily related to ham radio, advanced races, and it would be more surprising still if they bothered to communicate more than with an occasional person, and they probably would erase any memory of that.

As a small Roswell note, the GAO, in 1995, tried to review the Army records of the Roswell Army Air Field and found that I he pertinent records from 1946 ro 1949 had af] been destroyed— without authorization.

Roswell Echoes

If you are either brainwashed by the media or just not keeping up with events, the Coi. Corso hook. The Day After Roswell * written by an ex-top Pentagon official, claimed that lie had seen an alien body, plus an Army autopsy report on the alien, and had been put in charge in the 1960s of integrating alien technology recovered from UFO crashes into our industries. Now another player from the 1947 era has come forth. The UFO lor more probably, two UFOs) crashed in July 1947 in New Mexico. By September of that year the first integration of the alien technology recovered from the crashes had already made its appearance.

This new chap, interviewed on the Art Bell W60BB show, claims that the transistor was not invented by Shockley and his two pals at Bell Labs in Murray Hill (NJ), but was reverse-engineered by them from the UFO recovered artifacts. So much for their Nobel prize for the invention.

Further, this chap attributes ihe development of ICs, digital signal processing, lasers, modems, nuclear-powered engines. and imaging devices to the recovered alien technology.

Well, maybe the artifacts helped, but I was around w hen modems started and I don't recall am unexplained jumps in technology. Ditto ICs.

ICs were a natural development. When tranvistors made smaller circuits possible we first went to wired circuit boards, then to printed circuit boards, and finally to combining the transistors and circuits into integrated circuits, with each step shrinking the module size.

Heck, we were using RTTY modems in amateur radio in 1447, 1 got involved in 1949 and John Williams W2BFD had this technology well developed by then. Of course it took us a panel full of 6SN70Ts 10 do all of the w ork. I've still got a panel oui in the barn thai I built to connect my Model 12 Teletype machine toin> ham rigs, i operated mostly on 2 m, but also made a bunch of 11 m contacts and even worked California on 80 m, back when the ARRL was still doing its best to keep FSK off the~HF bands—worried that 60 wpm RTTY might put their CW traffic nets out of business.

The attribution to alien technology for our development of nuclear powered engines also doesn't make timeline sense to me. We developed the atom and hydrogen bombs in 1945, so we had a fair handle on nuclear power by )947. And I haven't seen any hint that UFOs are nuclear powered anyway. Their powering technology seems to still be hundreds of years still ahead of us. Or more.

Any introduction of alien technology should be visible by sudden jumps in our technology, and most of our technologies ha\e not show n such jumps. Except for transistors and Fiber optics—although I was playing with glass filaments which I made in 1934. drawing out glass rods into long filaments. And 1 noticed how the glass allowed light to go through, even when it was bent. I had a lot of fun making liny glass tubes by drawing out the Novocain lubes 1 got from a dentist friend.

There w as no sudden jump in our move to digital communications. Our RTTY FSK signals were digital, with a start pulse, five data pulses, and a stop pulse. And that's not much different from ASCII, with its eight data pulses and an added parity

Confirmed on page si

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